James Edward Cath

Male 1885 - 1915  (~ 29 years)


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  • Name James Edward Cath 
    Born Aug 1885  Hammersmith, MDX Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Buried 1915  Boulogne Eastern Cemetery Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 24 Mar 1915  DOW France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I665  CATH UK
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2016 

    Father William Cath,   b. 18 Nov 1867, Peckham, Surrey [PRO 1d 644 - Dec - Camberwell] Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1952, Battersea [PRO 5c 65 - Dec] aged 85 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Louisa Stannard,   b. Abt 1857, East Ilsley, BRK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1947, Battersea [PRO 5c 2 - Dec] aged 90 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 90 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married 1902  Freemantle, Aus. [Western Aus. Pioneers Index, ref. 674] Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • The Pioneer Index entry is for 1902 ref 674 district Fremantle. A copy of the record would have to be purchased to obtain the date.

      There are no entries for birth of issue of William and Louisa.

      I also checked the indexes of passenger arrivals but nothing for either William or Louisa. These indexes/records are by no means 100% complete.
      --
      Brian Croker, Genealogist, AAGRA Member No 1
      Life Fellow Western Australian Genealogical Society Inc
      One Name Study CROKER/CROCKER/CROAKER, GOONS No 346
      1 Myera St, Mt Claremont WA 6010 Australia
      Phone +618 9384 2475 Fax +618 9385 2184 email crokerb@bigpond.com
    Family ID F84  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Headstones
    James Edward Cath [1885-1915]
    James Edward Cath [1885-1915]
    Boulogne Eastern Cemetery War Memorial
    James Edward Cath - gravestone
    James Edward Cath - gravestone
    Highland Light Infantry, private DOW 1915
    Boulogne Eastern Cemetery

  • Notes 
    • Record set British Army Service Records 1760-1915
      Document Type Attestation
      First Name JAMES EDWARD Last Name CATH
      Age At Attestation Years 19 Age At Attestation Months 1
      Year Of Birth 1885
      Birth Parish HAMMERSMITH Birth Town LONDON
      Birth Country ENGLAND Birth County MIDDLESEX
      Attestation Day 12 Attestation Month Sept Year 1904
      Attestation Corps 4TH BN EAST SURREY REGT
      Soldier Number 4059
      Attestation Soldier Number 4059
      Discharge Corps - Discharge Soldier Number -
      Regiment - Rank -
      Box 575 Box Record Number 328
      Series militia service records 1806-1915 Category Military, armed forces & conflict
      Record collection Regimental & service records Collections from Great Britain
      [Signed on for 6 years as a Militiaman. Also shown as single, and working as a laundryman. Address given as 6 Jews Row, Wandsworth, with former addresses at 28 South Streat, Beaconsfield, and Freemantle, AUS]

      Last name: Cath
      First name(s): James E.
      Initials: J E
      Birthplace: Hammersmith, Middx.
      Enlisted: London
      Residence:
      Rank: PRIVATE
      Number: 10395
      Regiment: Highland Light Infantry
      Batallion: Ist
      Date died: 9 May 1915
      How died: Died of wounds
      Theatre of war: France & Flanders

      Buried at Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, France

      Regiment, Corps etc.: Highland Light Infantry
      Battalion etc.: 1st Battalion.

      4.8.14 Ambala: Sirhind Bde. 3rd (Lahore) Div. Sept. 1914 to Egypt on way to France and Sirhind Bde. Remained while the rest of the division went on to France. 1.12.14 landed at Marseilles and rejoined Lahore Div. on 9 Dec. Dec. 1915 to Mesopotamia arriving in Jan. 1916. Jan. 1917 left Lahore Div. and to Tigris Defemce. Sept. 1917 to 51st Bde. 17th Indian Div. 31.10.18 51st Bde. 17th Indian Div. Mesopotamia; Huwaish, on Tigris north of Sharqat.

      The Battle of Neuve Chapelle
      10 March - 22 April 1915

      Elements of the British Expeditionary Force which took part in this engagement:

      Order of battle:
      First Army (Haig):
      IV Corps (Rawlinson): 7th and 8th Divisions
      Indian Corps (Willcocks): Lahore and Meerut Divisions

      Neuve Chapelle was the first large scale organised attack undertaken by the British army during the war. It followed the miserable winter operations of 1914-15. More Divisions had now arrived in France and the BEF was now split into two Armies. Neuve Chapelle was undertaken by Sir Douglas Haig's First Army, while subsequenet actions were fought by Sir Herbert Smith-Dorrien's Second Army.

      The British attack at French suggestion

      French Commander-in-Chief General Joffre considered it vital that the Allied forces should take every advantage of their growing numbers and strength on the Western Front, both to relieve German pressure on Russia and if possible break through in France. British commander Sir John French agreed and pressed the BEF to adopt an offensive posture after the months of defence in sodden trenches. Joffre planned to reduce the great bulge into France punched by the German advance in 1914, by attacking at the extreme points in Artois and the Champagne. In particular, if the lateral railways in the plain of Douai could be recaptured, the Germans would be forced to evacuate large areas of the ground they had gained. This belief formed the plan that created most of the 1915 actions in the British sector. The attack at Neuve Chapelle was an entirely British affair - the French saying that until extra British divisions could relieve them at Ypres, they had insufficient troops in the area to either extend of support the action.

      The point of attack is selected

      Neuve Chapelle village lies on the road between Bethune, Fleurbaix and Armentieres, near its junction with the Estaires - La Bassee road. The front lines ran parallel with the Bethune-Armentieres road, a little way to the east of the village. Behind the German line is the Bois de Biez. The ground here is flat and cut by many small drainage ditches. A mile ahead of the British was a long ridge - Aubers Ridge - barely 20 feet higher than the surrounding area but giving an observation advantage. Some 25km to the south, this flat area is overlooked by the heights at Vimy Ridge. The German lines in the immediate vicinity were very lightly defended. The night before the attack was wet, with light snow, which turned to damp mist on 10 March.

      The attack goes in - succeeds at first - gets bogged down

      The attack was undertaken by Sir Douglas Haig's First Army, with Rawlinson's IV Corps on the left and Willcock's Indian Corps on the right, squeezing out a German salient that included the village itself. The battle opened with a 35 minute bombardment of the front line, then 30 minutes on the village and reserve positions. The bombardment, for weight of shell fired per yard of enemy front, was the heaviest that would be fired until 1917.

      Quote: At 7.30am the artillery bombardment commenced, and never since history has there been such a one. You couldn't hear yourself speak for the noise. It was a continual rattle and roar. We lay very low in our trenches, as several of our guns were firing short.
      Captain W.G. Bagot-Chester MC, 2/3rd Ghurka Rifles, Gharwal Brigade, Meerut Division

      Three infantry brigades were ordered to advance quickly as soon as the barrage lifted from the front line at 8.05am. The Gharwal Brigade of the Indian Corps advanced successfully, with the exception of the 1/39th Gharwal Rifles on the extreme right that went astray and plunged into defences untouched by the bombardment, suffering large losses. The 25th and 23rd Brigades of the 8th Division made good progress against the village. There were delays in sending further orders and reinforcements forward, but by nightfall the village had been captured, and the advanced units were in places as far forward as the Layes brook. During the night the Germans reinforced their second line in front of the Bois de Biez, and all further attempts over the next few days brought little material success.

      Casualties: The British losses in the four attacking Divisions were 544 officers and 11108 other ranks killed, wounded and missing. German losses are estimated at a similar figure of 12000, which included 1687 prisoners.

      Retrospective: Neuve Chapelle was the first planned British offensive of the war. It demonstrated that it was quite possible to break into the enemy positions - but also showed that this kind of success was not easily turned into breaking through them. The main lessons of Neuve Chapelle were that the artillery bombardment was too light to suppress the enemy defences; there were too few good artillery observation points; the reserves were too few to follow up success quickly; command communications took too long and the means of communicating were too vulnerable. One important lesson was perhaps not fully understood: the sheer weight of bombardment was a telling factor. Similar efforts in 1915 and 1916 would fall far short of its destructive power.